What you need to know about how domain names work? Most of us already have an idea of what a domain name is – it is part of the website address.
But what part exactly? And more importantly, how does it magically translate the correct IP address to help the browser load the website? I will answer all such questions in this article about how domain works.
What is domain name – What is domain
A domain name, in the simplest terms, is usually the identity of a website on the World Wide Web (WWW). It is also found after the “@” symbol as part of a professional email address.
This name usually only consists of letters, but can also contain numbers and hyphens, such as “amazon.com” or domain name For example , you can see the domain name of our website – hindi.site.
The purpose of a domain name is to make the IP address of a particular online entity (such as websites) easy to read and easily memorable for humans.
That’s why you can easily identify them among the billions of websites on the internet.
A domain name helps any company to provide a professional email for email communication. The system that makes all this possible. It is called Domain Name System (DNS).
An IP address consists of a series or sequence of digits separated by dots. In the vast space of the Internet, it is impossible for anyone to remember these sequences of numbers to reach their favorite website.
This is why we use domain names instead which are usually compact and easy to pronounce.
As a result, it is easier for us to remember them or search for them on a search engine (such as Google).
What is the difference between domain name and website?
Although it is common practice to use “ domain name ” and “ website ”, they are not really the same thing.
A domain name works as the identity of a website. It identifies the unique location of a website and helps you to identify it easily in the vast internet space. So, a website is like a home and its domain name is like its official address.
After purchasing and registering a domain name, you will only be the owner of the address and not the home. You will still need a web hosting service.
Many domain hosting companies are both domain regitrar (where you can register domain name) and also provide web hosting services, so you can get both services on the same company.
What is the difference between domain name and URL?
This is another common misconception among the general public. A domain name, being the identity of the website, is also a part of its URL. A URL or Uniform Resource Locator can include a domain name as well as other parts because it refers to a specific web page each time.
The domain name refers to the entire website, so it understands that it needs some other component. By adding some slugs and subdirectories on a common basis made from a domain name, we can reach a particular webpage.
For example, you can access the web page of this article by adding the domain-kya-hai slug after “/” on ihindi.site, something like this – inhindi.site/domain-kya-hai.
This full address together shows the URL of that webpage.
Where do domain names come from?
Domain names basically come from ICANN i.e. Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers . This is an organization that processes the distribution of domain names for IP addresses. Specifically, it links each domain name to its respective IP address.
This ensures that all unique domain names around the world are properly co-ordinated so that the Internet can work automatically. This organization is working since 1998.
Ultimately, their contribution helps DNS maintain a stable environment and the entire web infrastructure runs smoothly.
DNS – What is domain name system
The full form of DNS is Domain Name System . This is the magician who converts complex IP addresses into easy domain names.
Simply put, DNS is the phonebook of the Internet that keeps a record of which IP address a domain name refers to.
It lets your internet browser get information every time you type the URL of a website in the address bar.
Although there are many types of domain names, but today I will tell you about those types which are important. So that you can choose the domain name very easily.
1. Top-Level Domain names (TLD)
In 1985, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICAAN) released 6 top-level domain names. These top-level domains (TLDs) are known as extensions of the domain name, they are part of the bad dot (.) in the domain and are at the top level of the domain name system. they include:
- .com (commercial)
- .net (network)
- .edu (education)
- .org (organisation)
- .mil (military)
- .gov (government)
- .biz (business)
- .info (information)
2. Country code top-level domains (ccTLD)
This type of domain name is used keeping in mind the specific country . ccTLD is also based on the Two Letter ISO code of a country . This includes some important domain extensions:
- .us (United States)
- .in (India)
- .ca (Canada)
- .br (Brazil)
- .uk (United Kingdom)
what is subdomain
A subdomain is an additional part of your main domain. Subdomains are created to navigate different sections of your website. You can create multiple subdomains or child domains on your main domain. The subdomain is not bought, it is absolutely free and you do not charge anything for it.
for example –
A subdomain of Google.com is store.google.com
In this example “ store ” is the subdomain, “ google ” is the primary domain and “ .com ” is the top level domain (TLD). You can use any text as your subdomain, but you have to make sure it is easy to type and remember.
How to get your domain name – What is domain registration
To get the domain name of your choice, you may have to rely on a domain name registrar. This registrar will, in turn, communicate with ICANN, which is responsible for assigning a domain name to your IP address.
In this process you have to pay the registration fee. Then you become the owner of that registered name for one year. After the expiry of that validity, you will have to renew your domain name.
The best part about how domain names work is that the entire process is done in a blink of an eye. In a nano-second, the browser, operating system, and nameserver communicate with each other to bring you the right website or send your email to the right recipient.Pro Tips
- Choose a domain name that is easy to type and remember.
- Always choose a short and easy name that is easy to remember.
- Choose a unique domain name that is not similar to anyone else.
- If possible, do not use special characters like numbers and hyphens in it.
- Always try to suck the top level domain name.
- Remember that your domain name should not be similar to the name of any other business, company or brand.
Top domain providers list
If you want to create a blog or business website for yourself, or you want to buy a domain yourself. So for that you will need a domain name registrar which is a domain name service provider .
You can register your unique domain by creating an accouint on the website of the domain service provider. Below I have given a list of some top domain providers for your convenience.
I hope that I have given complete information about what is domain ( What is Domain in Hindi ). It is always my endeavor to help my readers completely. I hope that you must have got complete information about this Internet term – Domain name.
If you have any doubts then definitely ask in the comments. It is a request to all of you readers to share this information with your friends, family, neighbors and relatives. So that we will have awareness about it and everyone will get benefit from it.