What is web hosting? [Complete guide]

How to get started with web hosting ? If you want to publish a website then web hosting is essential. But what exactly is web hosting? And how do you choose your first hosting account?

I agree, seeing so many options can be a little intimidating. Here I will tell about the main hosting categories and the most essential features for a good hosting to help you make the final choice.

What is web hosting?

In the simplest terms, web hosting is how the world knows the existence of your website. With the wide range of tutorials for web development nowadays, anyone can create a basic website. But that website will not be accessible to anyone outside your localhost. You must use web hosting to publish on the web or the internet.

Technically speaking, web hosting is a service used by organizations and individuals to post their websites or web pages on the Internet. The company which provides such service to them is called web host or hosting provider .

These web hosts have a lot of server resources so that they can store and operate websites. Such resources are divided into certain categories to provide the most appropriate service to each customer.

How does web hosting work?

When we create our website, we want our website to reach the people. For that we have to upload the files of our website on web hosting. After doing this, whenever a user types the domain name of your website on his web browser (Chrome, Firefox, Opera etc.) on the Internet , for example, https://kingmix.in, then the Internet will give you the domain name. Will connect with the web server where you have stored the data of your website.

After connecting, the user can comfortably see all the pages of the website as per his wish. DNS (Domain Name System) is used to connect the domain name to the hosting . This lets the domain know on which server your website is located, because each domain has a different DNS.  

What are the types of web hosting?

There are four major types of web hosting based on the server structure and the part of that server assigned to the user. Below I’ve outlined each of them along with other smaller software-focused web hosting categories:

1. Shared Hosting

In shared hosting , a single server is compartmentalized into several sections. Then each section is booked for the user. So all the resources within this server are shared among many users. 

This reduces the cost for each user but also reduces the performance of the respective websites. In addition, a website on a shared server can use up a significant amount of its resources. This can be a good option for small businesses or startups or blogs that are running on a low budget.

Pros: 

> cheapest price

> Great option for beginners

Cons

> Resources are shared

> Decreased performance

> May be affected by other shared sites

> Unable to handle huge traffic

2. VPS Hosting

VPS stands for Virtual Private Server . VPS hosting is like a mixture between shared hosting and dedicated hosting. It can give you the pleasure of having your own server resources like dedicated hosting, but at a cheaper cost like shared hosting. 

Here, the user gets to use only a portion of a virtual server such as shared hosting. But on this part you can use your operating system (Windows or Linux) and creates a virtualized server for the user. Like an online computer.

Unamanaged VPS hosting allows the user to have the privilege of root access to the server. On the other hand, the provider takes care of all the technical things and provides in Managed VPS Hosting. 

They assign server management experts and other experts to handle those issues so that you can focus on the betterment of your business or website. VPS hosting is more expensive than a shared hosting but much cheaper than dedicated hosting.

Pros:

> Root Access Control

> Dedicated Resources

> Privacy and Customization

> Moderately affordable

Cons:

> Physical Server Limits

> Technical skills may be required

> Dependency on Housing Server

3. Dedicated Hosting

Dedicated Hosting This is the most expensive hosting type and that’s right. This gives you the pleasure of being the sole owner of the entire server. You have all the resources on your server, so your website has high performance. 

It can handle more unlimited traffic than any other hosting and can attract more traffic. The security system in this type of hosting is also very strong.

Pros:

> Full access to server resources

> High speed and flexibility

> Maximum performance

> Strong security

> Can handle huge traffic

Cons:

> expensive

> not scalable

> Not for Beginners

4. Cloud Hosting

Cloud hosting is the latest entry in the league of hosting categories. The reason behind its existence is the Internet where many physical devices can be connected even if they are nowhere near each other. 

It relies on a network of physical servers around the world, which are connected via software. In the end, the entire network behaves as a huge single physical server that can be expanded at any time.

If a server on this network malfunctions or fails to deliver, another server immediately replaces it. As a result, the user experience is not affected in any way. This prevents the website from losing potential users and attracts more traffic.

You can add as many resources as you want here. It is the most easily scalable (resources can more or less) hosting option among all. 

It is also the most cost effective because you only pay for the number of resources you use. And you can also back up the data.

Pros:

> Easily Scalable

> low price

> Can handle huge traffic

Cons:

> Time consuming data recovery

> Limited Customer Control

> vendor captive

5. Miscellaneous

Apart from these four, you can also look for specialized hosting for email, e-commerce and blogging . Especially in e-commerce, many providers now also provide managed plans for the most popular content management systems such as Magento, Drupal, Joomla and WordPress. You can also find such services for a specific operating system such as Linux or Windows.

Features required for web hosting

Features required for web hosting

Hosting accounts vary widely depending on the type of hosting and the applications supported, but the 8 features below are the most basic requirements of any hosting plan:

1. Specifications

Specifications usually include the amount of disk space (SSD), RAM, CPU core, bandwidth and database that a hosting account can provide. Many hosting companies offer an unlimited number of all of these at very low prices.

2. Website Builders

Creating a free website allows you to create your own site with minimal effort and without compromising on features. 

Hosting plans can also have one-click installers for various applications to expedite the website building process.

3. Free Domain

Hosting providers should provide a free domain with the hosting account . Usually, they do this on annaul plans that can range from a tenor of one year to a longer tenure of three years. 

Some of them offer a free domain with the purchase of the plans and as long as you do hosting with them, you have that domain. So it can be a bit tricky but read through their contract and terms to see if it suits your plans for the future of the website.

4. Email accounts

You can have at least 25 email accounts on one hosting account. Generally, this also affects the type of hosting you are investing in. You can get unlimited email accounts with shared email accounts, domain names or customizations.

5. SSL

An SSL certificate or Secure Socket Layer certificate ensures a secure encrypted connection between a server and its clients. Therefore, it secures the data exchange between the client and the server. SSL provides a pad lock on your website domain, which signifies the first lock of your domain in the browser, which ensures that your website is secure.

6. Backup

The hosting account should provide weekly or daily backup of your website. This is important as it can save you from losing your valuable data and restore the website quickly after any disaster. You can also back up your website manually using other software like cPanel.

7. Customer support

Every hosting company promises 24×7 customer service, but sometimes it doesn’t. We have this website on Hostgator, and so far I really liked their customer service.

Where to buy web hosting?

There are many web hosting companies in the world that provide the best web hosting. If the visitors of your website are from India, then you will be better to buy hosting in India. Because, the farther the server of your website is from your country, your website will take more time to access and load. 

If you buy hosting from Indian company then you will not have to do it with credit card. You can also pay through ATM or debit card or UPI. After buying hosting you can easily start your website by connecting domain. I have listed some hosting companies which are trustworthy 

Hostgator (we use)

Bluehost

Godaddy

Hostinger

Bigrock

Our website is started on Hostgator, and recommends WordPress company Bluehost for WordPress blog. If you want, you can buy another good web hosting.

Conclusion

I hope you have understood what web hosting is. It is always my endeavor to give all the information about web hosting to the readers, and they do not have to search anywhere on the internet.

This saves their time and all the information is available from one place. If you have any doubt regarding web hosting or if you need any kind of help then feel free to ask us in comments.

If you have got information from this post, then definitely share it with your friends on social media like Facebook, Twitter, & Whatsapp.

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